Dr. Ferid Murad was born in 1936 in Indiana, United States. Dr. Murad learned from his mother about compassion, generosity and contributing to society, and contributing to society, and this in turn influenced his career choice in medicine.
Dr. Ferid Murad received his MD and Pharmacology PHD in 1965 from Case Western Reserve University. Since then, he has been engaged in cell signaling research. In the 1970s he discovered that nitroglycerin and several related heart drugs acted as precursors to induce the formation of nitric oxide in the body, and that the gas acts to increase the diameter of blood vessels in the body. Nitric oxide acts as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system, making blood vessels dilate. Nitroglycerin has been used as medicine to treat heart attacks for a long time. It can effectively relieve angina, but its mechanism puzzled scientists for centuries.
Dr. Murad was the person who in 1977 first discovered that nitroglycerin worked by releasing nitric oxide. This lead to his ground-breaking discovery which showed that nitric oxide (NO) acts as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system, prompting blood vessels to relax and widen. The discovery that the gas was produced naturally represented a new understanding of biological signaling. Today NO is used to regulate blood pressure and fight infection. It helps prevent the formation of thrombi, activities nerve cells, and helps kill bacteria and parasites. It is used to treat heart and lung conditions, shock, cancer (by inducing cell death to combat tumors) and impotence (Viagra was a spin-off from his research). Nitric Oxide basically provides magical effect for all body system.
In 1998, Dr. Murad was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his search with nitric oxide.